Orange African American Museum gifted autograph, handwritten poem by Langston Hughes

Published 10:36 am Saturday, August 17, 2019

By Dawn Burleigh

The Orange Leader


Langston Hughes not only visited Orange, Texas but also left his mark with his autograph.

James Mercer Langston Hughes was born February 1, 1902, in Joplin, Missouri. His parents divorced when he was a young child, and his father moved to Mexico. He was raised by his grandmother until he was thirteen, when he moved to Lincoln, Illinois, to live with his mother and her husband, before the family eventually settled in Cleveland, Ohio. It was in Lincoln that Hughes began writing poetry. After graduating from high school, he spent a year in Mexico followed by a year at Columbia University in New York City. During this time, he held odd jobs such as assistant cook, launderer, and busboy. He also travelled to Africa and Europe working as a seaman. In November 1924, he moved to Washington, D. C. Hughes’s first book of poetry, The Weary Blues, (Knopf, 1926) was published by Alfred A. Knopf in 1926. He finished his college education at Lincoln University in Pennsylvania three years later. In 1930 his first novel, Not Without Laughter, (Knopf, 1930) won the Harmon gold medal for literature, according to

Hughes was invited to the city to read some of his poetry. 

He signed the small booklet, the poem believed to have been read during the historic moment.

Dawn Burleigh/The Orange Leader Orange African American Museum President Henry Lowe holds a program signed by Langston Hughes, a major poet, who also wrote novels, short stories, essays, and plays. Hughes was in Orange in 1945.


“For Velma Jeter

With sincere regards from ~

Langston Hughes


Orange, Texas

April 12, 1945”


Margaret Walker also autographed the book but in the back. She was also a poet and novelist.

Walker’s first collection of poetry, For My People (1942) won the Yale Series of Younger Poets Award. Walker was the first Black woman to ever receive the prestigious award, according to

Orange African American Museum will include these autographs along with a handwritten poem by Hughes in its collection. 

“We are blessed to have these,” Orange African American Museum President Henry Lowe said. 

Lowe said the library was gifted some books and the autographs were discovered while he was sorting through the books.