Prevent, mitigate the impacts of Adverse Childhood Experiences

Published 7:24 pm Friday, April 19, 2019

By State Representative Tan Parker

“What’s wrong with you?”

That’s a common question we ask when children act in a self-destructive manner. Perhaps they are being disruptive in class, misbehaving regularly, hurting themselves, or even having violent thoughts.

A growing body of research suggests “what’s wrong with you?” is actually the incorrect question. The better one is: “What happened to you?”

It has been widely known traumatic experiences suffered early in life – known as Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) – can leave deep emotional scars. But many studies now show the effects of trauma can be even more profound than previously believed. These experiences can actually disrupt healthy development and change a child’s brain architecture in ways that impact behavior and health throughout an entire life.

Recognized Adverse Childhood Experiences include child abuse and neglect, death of a parent, having a parent with a mental illness, an incarcerated parent or caregiver, substance use, and family violence. Sadly, it is estimated that 24% of Texas children have experienced multiple ACEs.

That’s a serious public health crisis that requires a cross-systems, comprehensive strategy to solve.

To that end, I have partnered with TexProtects (the Texas Chapter of Prevent Child Abuse America) to make that vision a reality by authoring House Bill 4183 to address the challenges that ACEs pose to our children.

ACEs are often cumulative – exposure to one increases the likelihood of exposure to others. Researchers have found compound exposure increases the likelihood of suicide, depression, substance use, obesity, smoking and leading causes of early death such as stroke, heart attack, cancer, and diabetes. Among Texas children with multiple ACEs, 17.2% have repeated a school grade (compared to 2.7% of children with none), 31% are more likely to have two or more chronic health conditions (compared to 10.5% with none) and 59% have no consistent, comprehensive medical care.

But childhood adversity does not have to dictate a child’s future health and success. By appropriately addressing ACEs (as well as root causes), children and families can build resiliency, allowing them to thrive despite adversity. Research shows a supportive, responsive relationship with an adult in early life can prevent or mitigate the damaging effects resulting from childhood exposure to chronically stressful experiences.

Under HB 4183, Texas would deploy a strategy coordinated across state agencies, child well-being and faith-based organizations, neighborhood schools, local medical and mental health service providers, criminal and juvenile justice and the philanthropic community. By bringing together stakeholders from multiple domains, Texas will be able to better understand the prevalence and patterns of adversities in Texas communities, identify best practices and service gaps, and chart a path forward so that Texas systems and communities are better prepared to implement approaches that can truly change the trajectory for the estimated 3.4 million Texas children experiencing ACES.

A blueprint for our communities may include strategies to train and educate professionals to prevent and assess for ACEs, then referring for effective services; providing trauma-informed behavioral counseling; providing high-quality early childhood education; making available voluntary programs that strengthen parenting skills; identifying best practices for Child Protective Services; and successfully treating mental illness and substance abuse disorders.

The economic impact of ACEs is staggering. Child abuse and neglect alone will cost Texas taxpayers an estimated $1.75 billion for Child Protective Services in Fiscal Year 2019. The lifetime costs of abuse and neglect victims in 2018 – across the education, health care, criminal justice and welfare systems, as well as lost future earnings in the workforce – will add up to more than $58 billion, based on estimates provided by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control.

Every year Texas waits, those billions accumulate, more lives are damaged, and we ultimately pay a higher price in terms of costs and precious lives. I encourage all Texans to contact my fellow legislative colleagues in support of HB 4183 to begin immediate implementation of this strategy to prevent and mitigate the impacts of Adverse Childhood Experiences.


Tan Parker is a Republican House member representing District 63 (southwestern Denton County) who is often recognized for his conservative solutions to Texas public policy and protections for individual liberties.

April is National Child Abuse Prevention Month. TexProtects ( is the Texas chapter of Prevent Child Abuse America. TexProtects’ report on legislative strategies to prevent and treat Adverse Childhood Experiences is at